The religious beliefs of Islam include the concept of God, their creed, the prophethood of Hazrat Mohammed, the uniqueness of the Quran and the worldview aspects of Islam. These and a few more topics are discussed briefly in this post.
In Islam, God is called Allah. The word Allah means God. It is derived from Arabic. Islam is a monotheistic religion in the absolute sense. Allah is God, and there is no other God but Allah. Allah is absolute unity as opposed to the Christian Trinitarian God. Allah is a person as opposed to the impersonal God of Pantheism. The most repeated attribute of Allah in the Quran is that he is merciful. Every Chapter (Surah) of the Quran, except the ninth, starts with the phrase, “Bismillah Ar- Rahman Ar-Rahim,” meaning “In the name of Allah, the merciful and bestower of mercy.”
The God of Islam is described with ninety-nine attributes. First Category describes the absolute being and unity of Allah. It is described with seven names. The second category describes him as the creator of all and contains five names. The third category presents his moral attributes with four names. Fourth category describes his general attributes with eighteen names. The fifth category presents his beautiful attributes with twenty-four names. The sixth category describes his awe-inspiring attributes such as his absolute power and sovereignty with forty-one names. [Read more...]