Mohammed migrated to Medina from Mecca in the year 622 A.D. This migration is called Hijra, and 622 is the first year of the Islamic calender. The first year of the Islamic calender does not start with the year Quran was given to Mohammed, year 610 A.D or the year Mohammed gave the public proclamation to embrace Islam 613 A.D or the year 620 A.D when the Prophet is claimed to have visited heaven. These do not mark the watershed moment in Islam. But 622 A.D does.
The migration to Medina in the year 622 A.D resulted in a paradigm shift in the life of Mohammed and the Muslims. Until then Mohammed and his followers were a persecuted bunch. Some of them had already migrated to the Christian empire of Abyssinia for refuge. This migration happened twice. But after Mohammed migrated to Medina in the year 622 A.D., his life changed. He acquired power. He became a ruler. Once he became a ruler, a series of battles followed. These include: [Read more…]